MCPD in food – Guide for the correct analytical approach in order to verify compliance with current legislation following the entry into force of Reg 1322/2020
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 sets maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. In the Annex to the Regulation maximum levels there were for 3-monochloropropanediol (3-MCPD) and glycidyl fatty acid esters
The EFSA CONTAM Panel established an updated group TDI of 2 μg/kg body weight per day for 3-MCPD and its fatty acid esters. This TDI is not exceeded in the adult population. However, a slight exceedance of the TDI was observed in case of consumers of the younger age groups and in particular in case of infants receiving formula only.
Given the possible health concern for infants and young children, it has been appropriate to establish a stricter maximum level for vegetable oils and fats, destined for the production of baby food and of processed cereal-based food for infants and young children.
Also fish oil and oils from other marine organisms can contain high levels of glycidyl fatty acid esters and 3-MCPD and its fatty acid esters. In order to ensure a high level of human health protection, it has been appropriate to establish a maximum level for glycidyl fatty acid esters and 3-MCPD and its fatty acid esters in fish oil and oils from other marine organisms.